Applique Art

Applique Art

  • Author : Spenowr
  • Category : Art


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Where is this place called Pipili?

 Pipili is a small town, situated on the way to Puri, Lord Jagannath temple just before 40 kilometers from Puri, Odisha. The income of this town is essentially dependent on the business of its handicrafts of which especially the applique works are the main source. Nowadays, Pipili is globally known as the destination of applique and is where many workers and workshops continue to practice the technique, creating both traditional and contemporary items. 

Pipli craftsmen adapt to modern needs for better prospects



What is Applique?

 The French term ‘Applique’ translates to ‘to apply’ and is explanatory of the technique of the age-old craft. Applique in textiles and is the technique of superimposing threads over small pieces of fabric and round mirrors, onto a large base fabric. Pipili is a small town of Jagannath Dham(Puri District, Odisha) where the craft of applique is held in high esteem. The craft of applique is also prominent in the states of Bihar and Rajasthan, but it is originally originated from Pipili and the way craft makers from Pipili can make those craft can’t be made by anyone else or anywhere else other than them. 

Pipli Applique Handicrafts (Orissa) | Handicrafts of Orissa | Flickr


 Origin of Pipili Applique

 Pipili Applique work owes its origin to the culture of Lord Jagannath during the 12th century. Earlier applique umbrellas and canopies were prepared by the Gajapatis for the annual Ratha Jatra of Jagannath. 

 Recent Trends

 Artist from other states are now a days following craft makers from Pipili to make these Applique crafts. Also the craft of applique is found to be prominent in the states of Bihar and Rajasthan, but it is originally originated from Pipili and the way craft makers from Pipili can make those craft can’t be made by anyone else or anywhere else other than them. It is one of the products which has been granted Geographical Indication (GI) by the government of India.


Designing Description 

 The base material used in this craft work in mainly a piece of cloth, which are various types (Water proof material for umbrellas, velvet for tents, cotton, plastic or glass mirrors and threads). On top of that different types of Hindu mythological sculptures, natural figures, animals including elephant, tiger, horse and birds including peacocks, ducks, parrots also flowers such as Sunflower, Jasmine and Marie-golds are being made now a days.

 PIPILI APPLIQUE WORK | The small town of Pipli,halfway betwe… | Flickr

The craft includes embroidering and stitching, attaching multiple small pieces of craft cloths to make a bigger one, the makers use straight stitches, blind stitches or buttonhole stitches to make the crafts look flawless. 

The annual Chariot Festival, known as Rath Yatra which get celebrated on every year summer, is famous worldwide and people in millions come to witness this festival at Puri, Odisha. On this festivals Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra comes out of the temple to have a visit for Mausima temple nearby, Where the chariots are bedecked with Pipili applique canopies, known as chanduas. 

Appliqué – Celebrating Colours of Odisha – VIRASAT – E – HIND ...

As millions of pilgrims come to witness this festival, and they know about the Worldwide famous craft (Pipili Applique) they often seen purchasing appliques like banners, lamps, sunflower craft, umbrellas and pouches(batuas) to offer them to Lord Jagannath. However, applique creations adorn the roadsides of Pipili all year round, with tourists flocking to the town to witness the traditions and exquisite productions of the long established textile art.

Golkonda Handicrafts


These days, everytime round the year tourists flock to the town just to get a glimpse and purchase a piece of its colourful applique items. No longer are applique items restricted to the likes of canopies and tents produced as offerings to deities. Time has introduced items such as patachitra, Dokara art, wooden carvings, palm leaf paintings, blouses, purses and modern umbrellas to be enjoyed by all who see the beauty in this hereditary craft.


A small conversation with Applique worker Trilochan Mahapatra:

 At first I would like to address that the shopkeepers and shop owners are so humble that they offer every customer a seat and ask for a cold or hot drink. You will see this gesture in almost all the shops. Then finally after attending a lot of customers Mr. Mahapatra finally gave us some time and talked about the challenges they are facing, adaptations they made and earning of a applique maker. He stated his facts as follows:

Mr. Mahapatra Said: He is a applique maker personally from childhood and it has been 45 years, in which he faced many ups and downs but the passion for the craft is what kept him motivated to continue and pass through all hurdles. He said that they have a local society named as ‘Pipili Applique Workers Society’ which is linked with Odisha government. They provide them a applique makers identity card through which they get some subsidiary money to grow their micro productions also this society take care about them during natural disasters too. Giving us an example, he further added that recently before one year on May 2018 during a super cyclone named ‘Fanni’ they got a good amount of relief, personally telling about him he added that he got an relief amount of 30,000 rupees against the waste of some raw material and machineries. Telling about where government is lacking he added that government organising skill development programs for general stitching works and dress materials but not making any sort of arrangements objectively for regional crafts or especially telling about applique works.

Pipli is trendy with its craft but losing its artisans - Civil ...


He further added the new bypass road built in 2016 because of Nabakalebara of Lord Jagannath is a reason behind their massive loss in business now a days. It’s widely affecting them as many of Tourist are now moving through the new road. Commonly they get a upsurge in sales during Cart festival of Lord Jagannath Temple and Christmas holidays but now a days it’s hampered due to bypass road. He said that government is only promoting Konark Sun temple, Puri Jagannath Temple, Bhubaneswar Lingaraj temple and Dhauligiri in the name of tourism, neither promoting of other tourist places in Odisha nor any regional craft across the state.  


Exporting and Earning of an Applique Maker

 We further had a wide discussion with different applique makers about the fact that if they are not making an expected amount of money from their store, have they tried to sale or export outside or not? There we met another person who is a full-time worker and have a own applique shop named Jogendra Seth. He said that almost no one in the locality are making international trades but a few from them have suppliers from other states in India and they export some of there craft to them. But there also they are getting a lot of issue on payment as like rarely they get payment on delivering their items, but most of the time vendor pay them money after 6-8 months later after selling the crafts. Sometimes they don’t even get their principal money even. Due to payment issues very few number of workers are now exporting to outer states.

Pipili: The Living Institution Of Art And Craft - The Broken Scooter

      When we are talking about there earning, he added that before the bypass road inaugurated, they are earning almost 20-25% profit on their investment but now a days it’s decreased to 13-15%, also he told that Goods and service tax implementation after 2017 also caused a measure problem for them. He also told us from an investment of 10 lakhs a shopowner can earn almost 30,000-35,000 rupees after all expenses.


Adaptation for better Future

 Taking with some of shopkeepers we get a rough idea that now a days customers are not getting satisfied with banners, lamps and umbrellas, so they have added a bit of modern art like bottle paintings, Dokara art, Aluminium foil paintings. Also they told us that now a days they are not selling the ancient patachitra leaves directing, they are framing them with wooden frames to give it a modern look. They are also constantly evolving and now a days if you will have a visit to an applique shop in Pipili applique village then you will find there and thousand variety of products including banners, embroidery saree, dresses, table cloth, garden umbrella, Jewellery box made with korai grass and threads, hundred types of utility purse, which are full with embroidery works, and I would like to tell you that you will find many of these crafts here in .

Dhokra Art Craft - Wall Decor Frame– The India Craft House



Limca Book of Records

 After centuries of practicing and making there techniques better day by day Pipili has an entry in the 2004 Limca Book of Records (which is a type of Indian Guinness Book of Records) for the world's largest thematic applique work. The 54-metre (177 ft) long work is filled with depictions of India's struggle for independence.

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The chimes of Big Ben have also been used at the state funerals of monarchs on three occasions: firstly, at the funeral of King Edward VII in 1910, when Big Ben chimed 68 times, one stroke for each year of the monarch's life; secondly, at the funeral of King George V in 1936 (70 strokes); and finally, at the funeral of King George VI in 1952 (56 strokes). Londoners who live an appropriate distance from the tower and Big Ben can, by means of listening to the chimes both live and on analogue radio, hear the bell strike thirteen times. This is possible because the electronically transmitted chimes arrive virtually instantaneously, while the "live" sound is delayed travelling through the air since the speed of sound is relatively slow. Maintainance Work at Big Ben
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Description : An Overview The Indian Museum in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, also referred to as the Imperial Museum at Calcutta in colonial era texts, is the ninth oldest museum of the world and the second largest museum in India, after the Madras Museum, and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies and Mughal paintings. It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814. The founder curator was Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist. It has six sections comprising thirty five galleries of cultural and scientific artifacts namely Indian art, archaeology, anthropology, geology, zoology and economic botany. Many rare and unique specimens, both Indian and trans-Indian, relating to humanities and natural sciences, are preserved and displayed in the galleries of these sections. the administrative control of the Cultural sections, viz. Art, Archaeology and Anthropology rests with the Board of Trustees under its Directorate, and that of the three other science sections is with the geological survey of India, the zoological survey of India and the Botanical survey of India. The museum Directorate has eight co-ordinating service units: Education, Preservation, publication, presentation, photography, medical, modelling and library. This multipurpose Institution with multidisciplinary activities is being included as an Institute of national importance in the seventh schedule of the Constitution of India. It is the oldest museum in India. In particular the art and archaeology sections hold collections of international importance. It is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The present Director of the Indian Museum is Shri Arijit Dutta Choudhury who is also the Director General, NCSM and having the additional charge of Director General of National Library. History The Indian Museum originated from the Asiatic Society of Bengal which was created by Sir William Jones in 1784. The concept of having a museum arose in 1796 from members of the Asiatic Society as a place where man-made and natural objects collected could be kept, cared for and displayed. The objective began to look achievable in 1808 when the Society was offered suitable accommodation by the Government of India in the Chowringhee-Park Street area. This building had been designated as the site the for not just the Asiatic Societies, Oriental Museum's collection and the Economic Geology collection of the Geological Survey of India but also to hold the offices of both. The Zoological and Anthropological sections of the museum gave rise to the Zoological Survey of India in 1916, which in turn gave rise to the Anthropological Survey of India in 1945. The Scottish anatomist and zoologist John Anderson took up the position of curator in 1865, and catalogued the mammal and archaeology collections. The English zoologist James Wood-Mason worked at the museum from 1869 and succeeded Anderson as curator in 1887. Collections Egyptian It currently occupies a resplendent mansion, and exhibits among others: an Egyptian mummy. The mummy is being restored. Egyptian Mummy Statue of Ancient Egyptian God Indian The large collection of ancient and medieval Indian artefacts include remains of the Buddhist stupa from Bharhut, the Buddha's ashes, a copy of the Lion Capital of Ashoka from an whose four-lion symbol became the official emblem of the Republic of India, fossil skeletons of prehistoric animals, an art collection, rare antiques, and a collection of meteorites.The Indian Museum is also regarded as "the beginning of a significant epoch initiating the socio-cultural and scientific achievements of the country. It is otherwise considered as the beginning of the modernity and the end of medieval era" by UZER Places. Stone Imprint of Buddha's Foot Copy of the Lion Capital of Ashoka The Mathura Herakles Natural History The museum has four galleries dedicated to natural history, namely the botanical, insect, mammal and bird galleries. It also contains prehistoric artifacts such as the huge skeleton of a dinosaur. Elephant skeleton Showcases with different types of fossils Skull of Indus Valley inhabitants An Abnormal Young Goat With Eight Legs
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Description : Which Corporate Animal Are You Really? Well as the title might look to be more of an advisory article, let me isn’t!! With my little corporate experience and close proximity with people with different attributes, I realize all of us do represent a type of animal, in the corporate world. As and when we step inside the “Khul ja sim sim” door, we all change to a different being...some stay human and others turn into a wholesome new being. Ohh just to clear, those considered humans are the freshers..the new entrees to the corporate zoo, who gradually, necessarily not by wish but by force, will change to “Corporate animals” either voluntarily or by force. Let’s see the behavioral traits that the corporate employees share with animals in the zoo. Donkeys: Ahh these are the people in majority. Certainly the employees can be identified by very specific features like very hard working without any concern about the reason behind each act as well the destination to be reached. They definitely believe in being available to their masters 24*7 and putting all efforts to do the told “jobs” without even knowing the relevance of each act. Also, they are often seen loading themselves with unbearable loads, much more than their capacity and roles they are assigned to, without showing concern, just to be ahead of the other beings in same creed. Horses: These are the employees with traits equivalent to horses. They have nothing to do with anything in and around them. But once given a goal or destination, they run to achieve them. Focused yet ignorant of the facts detailing changes in and around them, even though at times they don’t realize the competition they have been trying to “win” has been dispersed. They are fast but one tracked, always on the urge to reach the destination whatsoever. Dogs: Though being dogs may sound negative but its not. Matching the traits, it points the most loyal employees of the company. Loyal to company, bosses & work. They exactly justify the tag “humans best friend”. They are the safe players, liked by the bosses and always used as an example. The lowest risk takers but smart workers, yeah they do exists…. But as the traits suggests they are definitely not best with colleagues and always on the hit list of the team. Since they are biased and diplomatic (always maintaining their loyalty to the seniors) they become the least accepted value adders in any project. Monkeys: They are the keen followers of their seniors or as I say dominants. They are good at mimicking the work methods, process, attitude and every possible thing that they think has contributed to the success of their bosses. They have the very basic trait of monkeys….to jump. They are very indecisive, frequently changing their roles, interests, work, skill and very specifically attitude. Their behavior changes in very situation even for same person. Very much unpredictable, yet very opportunistic. Blame game is their strength and being jumpy their have their ways to come out of a situation even if they are at fault (which can be negative for the submissive teammates working with them). Snakes: Ohh you have to be so careful from these people. As like snakes these are the most dangerous creature of all. Mostly making their way forward by killing every hurdle (people in corporate world) coming their way. They keep climbing the corporate hierarchy at snake speed. Nothing can stop them and of course they don’t stop for others. Very are never a leader but always a BOSS. Appreciation and money are their food and staying ahead is what make them keep going. They don’t hesitate destroying others coming in the way to stay ahead of everyone. Fearless and always daring to do everything that could lead to their success. Inspite of the above traits they are good learners. These all above may sound too much of pessimistic, Hello, isn’t it! But it’s not a fair world at all. People out there always looking for a chance to crush you under the cleat of their shoes. But where there is life there is millions of possibilities, so lemma introduce you to the animal, which is Very rarely found & one of its kind. The Jaguars! JAGUAR: These are the once who are icon of Focus, commitment & sheer will. They don’t care what people are taking behind, they are always young in their mind and promising at their work place rather than being challenging or competing others as they believe the competition is only inside to be a better version of themselves as they were yesterday. Whatever Position they might achieve, they never believe on taking advantages of their hierarchy at organization. As the jaguar is such an animal, who can over through any animal with it’s speed, so vigorous and have such an endurance to overcome any kind of unpleasant situation and having a agility to hunt their prey by deteriorating its stamina in a playful manner and not by killing directly. These rare beings are having the same DNA, same infection that, they don’t believe on fixing things, they believe on finding problems over & over and then Making a solution for it. But it’s not an everyday thing which you can witness, come across or deal with maybe you can find only one or two of this kind in your whole life, as they believe success is not an achievement, it’s a lifestyle. But at last I want to exaggerate a truth or a question that often come to my mind that as Jaguar on corporate explained “Is that the state of oxymoron what anyone can ever achieve or there is something above and beyond?” Well these are the most commonly found “corporate animals”. Look around and have fun categorizing people in your workspace (also self :P ). Also, let me know if you find traits matching some other species of animal kingdom….. ????
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Description : An Overview The Government Museum is the second oldest museum after Indian Museum, Kolkata and tenth old museum in world. This Museum have a wide collection of human history and culture located in the neighbourhood of Egmore in Chennai, India. Started in 1851. It is particularly rich in archaeological and numismatic collections. It has the largest collection of Roman antiquities outside Europe. Among them, the colossal Museum Theatre is one of the most impressive. The National Art Gallery is also present in the museum premises. Main Buliding Built in Indo-Saracenic style, it houses rare European and Asian painting of renowned artists, including that of Raja Ravi Varma. It is the third largest museum in the world, and with 0.6 million visitors in 2018. It has the richest collections of bronze idols, 500 of them dating to 1000 BC, in Asia. History In 1778, the governor of Madras granted 43 acres for an estate to a civil servant, who, subsequently in 1793, assigned the grounds to a committee of 24 which then regulated the public amusements in the city. In 1821, the committee sold the main house and central garden space to E. S. Moorat, an Armenian merchant who, in turn, sold it back to the government in 1830. The government first used the buildings and the grounds as the collector's "Cutcherry" and later for the "Central Museum." The museum was originally established in a building on College Road in Nungambakkam in the year 1851 and was shifted to the present site in 1854. Building Architecture The museum complex consisting of six buildings and 46 galleries covers an area of around 16.25 acres (66,000 m²) of land. The objects displayed in the museum cover a variety of artifacts and objects covering diverse fields including archeology, numismatics, zoology, natural history, sculptures, palm-leaf manuscripts and Amravati paintings. Located close to the main museum entrance gates on Pantheon Road, the museum theatre is a rare specimen of the Italianate style of architecture, inspired by Classical architecture and developed in 1802 at Britain by John Nash. However, the theatre was built by the British in the late 19th century when this style was no longer popular in England. The structure has a high plinth and is accessed through a tall flight of stairs. It is primarily a semicircular structure with a rectangular wing at the rear. The latter wing now houses some of the galleries of the museum. The main hall is accessed through a verandah with a row of columns linked by semicircular arches. The walls and columns are embellished with floral and geometric designs. The huge main hall was initially designed for staging theatrical performances. It has around 600 seats and a commodious stage and the actors' dressing rooms adjoin this stage. Collections Cannons at the museum complex Sculpture of Vishnu in bronze from the Chola period Sculpture of Bhadrakali in bronze from the 14th century CE Sculpture of Dakshinamurthi from the Chola period, 12th century CE Sculpture of Mahishasuramardini in bronze from the Chola period, 11 century CE Contemporary Paintings Folk Religion Dinosaur Skeleton